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使用Samba实现Linux与Windows文件共享配置

使用Samba实现Linux与Windows文件共享配置

使用Samba实现Linux与Windows文件共享配置

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前言

很都时候用户都是以FTP和NFS是局域网文件共享的常用方式,但是在最近一家客户要求我们配置一个Samba之后,了解到一些用户 需要简化访问学习成本,满足基础的权限控制管理,并支持实时编辑和保存文件,这些需求使用之前的方法都是很难满足的,而Samba却可以完美的支 持上述需求。

Unix与Windows文件共享的最佳方式之一

安装samba

各个平台的安装都蛮简单的,略过

配置samba

建议合理规划目录和用户权限,可以利用用户组来简化授权管理,

#创建目录(举例)
mkdir -p /data2/sm
chmod -R 777 /data2/sm

#添加用户(举例)
groupadd dengling
useradd -g dengling -s /sbin/nologin dengling
smbpasswd -a dengling

#备份smb配置文件并编辑
cd /etc/samba
cp smb.conf smb.conf.bak
vi smb.conf

#全局参数
[global]
    security = share
    lanman auth = Yes
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    idmap config * : backend = tdb
    guest ok = Yes
    hosts allow = 127., 172., 192.168.1., 192.168.3.
    cups options = raw

#共享参数
[homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    read only = No
    browseable = No

[sheji]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/sheji
    valid users = share, shenwei, xuwei, shenjiamei, humengchu, rensiqiang, yeting, tongying, jinbo, zengfanan, fengpeisi
    read only = No
    create mask = 0775
    directory mask = 0775

[test]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/test
    valid users = test, test2, shenwei
    read only = No
    create mask = 0775
    directory mask = 0775

[q2]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/q2
    valid users = xuejia, sungaoshuai, lujingjing, huangsonghe, yefei, lvwenhan, fangyuan, zhanghuichen, liuguofa, xupeiyu, yangpengfei, lisuitao, sunzhen, shenwei, xuwei, shenjiamei, humengchu, rensiqiang, yeting, tongying, jinbo, zengfanan, fengpeisi, chenye, wuailing, pengnan, liangzhixue, chenhong, daimengyou, wangxiaoshuo, zhoujian, fenglu, linlijun, chenshuxian, linzhimin, yanyoushan, xiaguoying, zhanghuanrong, mayushu, xuyangjing, guogaoyan, huangyouyang, jinzhibin, huyuqing, shenxuemei, liukui
    read only = No
    create mask = 0775
    directory mask = 0775

[market]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/market
    valid users = zhanghuichen, shenwei, chenye, wuailing, pengnan, liangzhixue, chenhong, daimengyou, wangxiaoshuo, xuyangjing, chenshuxian, linzhimin, caoling, guogaoyan, xiehaibo, huangyouyang, jinzhibin, huyuqing
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[market_finance]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/market_finance
    valid users = yangqiong, shenwei, chenye, wuailing, pengnan, liangzhixue, chenhong, daimengyou, wangxiaoshuo, xiehaibo, gaofangjie, xuyangjing, chenshuxian, linzhimin, huangyouyang, jinzhibin, huyuqing
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[shenwei]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/develop/shenwei
    valid users = shenwei
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[qijun]
    comment = qj
    path = /data2/sm/homedir/qijun
    valid users = qijun
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775
    guest ok = No

[wenyong]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/develop/wenyong
    valid users = wenyong
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[wudi]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/develop/wudi
    valid users = wudi
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[caijiannan]
    comment = sheji
    path = /data2/sm/develop/caijiannan
    valid users = caijiannan
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[weiduani2]
    comment = weiduan
    path = /data2/sm/develop/raochao/微端
    valid users = wangfeng
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0775

[raochao]
    comment = raochao
    path = /data2/sm/develop/raochao
    read list = wangfeng, xuwei, shenjiamei, chenxianzhe, chenye, wuailing, liuyuting, dainan
    write list = raochao

[product]
    comment = product
    path = /data2/sm/product
    read only = No
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0777

[jinbo]
    comment = JinBo
    path = /data2/sm/homedir/jinbo
    valid users = jinbo
    read only = No
    guest ok = No

[xiaoqiang]
    comment = xiaoqiang
    path = /data2/sm/homedir/xiaoqiang
    valid users = xiaoqiang
    read only = No
    guest ok = No

[share]
    comment = share
    path = /data2/sm/homedir/share
    valid users = share, market, wal, qijun, zhanghua
    read only = No



启动samba

#常用选项
[shared_name]
    path =                              # 文件系统路径
    browseable = {yes|no}               # 是否可以被查看到
    public = {yes|no}                   # 是否可被所有人读
    guest ok = {yes|no}                 # 与 public 相同
    read only = yes                     # 是否只读
    writeable = yes                     # 是否可写
    write list = user1, user2           # 可写用户列表
                @group, +group          # 可写组列表
    valid users =                       # 白名单
    invalid users =                     # 黑名单

#检查语法
testparm

#重启smb服务查看状态
service smb restart
smbstatus

Windows客户端访问

1.Windows上访问samba

在“计算机”中输入:\\xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx\

2.Windows断开samba共享连接,实在不行可以选择注销或者重启

在【开始】→【运行】→【CMD】回车中输入:net use * /del /y

3.将samba共享的Linux目录映射成Windows的一个驱动器盘符

在【右键计算机】→【映射网络驱动器】→【文件夹\XX.XX.XX.XX\】